Use of Pheromones in Pest Control in Agricultural Production
Pheromones can be synthesized chemically and used as attractants in traps. The most important part of the trap is the apparatus that carries this attractant. This mimics the sexual scent of the female insect and lures the male individuals into the trap. Pheromones are species-specific, and males are attracted by this scent, which is released only from females of their own species.
Pheromones Usage Patterns
For Observation (monitoring) Purposes
Pheromone traps can be used for monitoring or observation purposes. Several traps are placed in the viewing area. By counting the insects caught during a certain period, information about the presence of the harmful insect, flight efficiency and intensity can be easily obtained. Based on this information, the spraying threshold and time are easily determined.
Mass Capture (combat) Purpose
With pheromone traps used for mass capture, target pest density can be significantly reduced. Mass trapping is a healthy and effective method for reducing the damage caused by insects and future generations or keeping them at an acceptable level. It helps to protect the plant from pests without the need for the use of drugs and without polluting the environment. Because pheromones are species specific, they have no adverse effect on harmless or beneficial insects.
The thrips pheromone can be used on blue sticky traps of various sizes.
The sexual pheromone attracts thrips males, allowing them to be caught. 10-12 pieces are used per decare.